The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease is marked by the breakdown of structures that surround, secure, and support the teeth. These structures include the jawbones, gums, and fibers which anchor the teeth to the gums. Periodontal disease is usually a result of untreated plaque buildup, and is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults.</strong>\r\n\r\n<strong>Many people have periodontal disease and don”t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.